An Architectural Revolutionary
Author InfoJames Newman
P.O. Box 8002
12465 County Line Road
Gates Mills, OH 44040
Type of Lesson
Wrought with simplicity, purpose, functaionality and beauty, Thomas Jefferson created models of architecture for Americans to emulate. Jefferson looked to the past for inspiration while forging a new future in American architecture. This Unit seeks to examine Jefferson's architectural legacy through a close examination of two ancient monuments, Monticello, primary source documents, and examples of Jefferson's civic architecture.
Students will examine monumental architecture of the Ancient Greeks and Ancient Romans.
Students will gain a clear understanding of how the Enlightenment defined beauty.
Students will read and analyze primary source documents.
Students will develop a keen appreciation for Jefferson's legacy and his personal residence of Monticello as well as what he thought the important role of architecture in culture.
Students will analyze photographs of buidings and develop their knowledge of architectural terminology and be able to apply those concepts.
Students will link the past and the future through studying selected structures from Greece, Rome, and America.
Students will connect the symbolism of architecture with the creator and view a structure as a reflection of that individual or cultural time period.
Additional Learning Outcomes
Students will be able to analyze a structure and find meaning in the creation.
Students will be able to write thoughtful observations. They will learn to notice details and apply concepts to their descriptions by using a glossary of terms.
Students will be able to analyze primary source documents systematically through a historical method that stresses creator, context, content, and the consequence of the document.
Students will learn to think critically as a result of a scavenger hunt where they have an image and need to look for that image in the rooms of the digital Monticello explorer site.
Students will be able to create a narrative about Jefferson through a deep understanding of his writings and the monuments (structures) he creates.
How were the ancient relevant to Jefferson?
How was Monticello a reflection of Thomas Jefferson?
What is the Enlightenment concept of beauty? How does it apply to architectural structures?
How do the Enlightenment thinkers prove the validity of their philosophy?
What were Jefferson's guiding principles in regards to architecture?
How did Jefferson's contemporaries view his designs?
How did Jefferson emphasize "the orders" of Palladian architecture?
In two instances, Jefferson uses an ancient temple for his projects: The Virginia State Capitol and the Rotunda at the University of Virginia, why? What do you think?
The entire lesson is contained in these two pdf documents which may be downloaded.
The Two PDF Downloads:
* James Newman Barringer Fellowship Jefferson's Architecture
Activity 1 - The Concept of Beauty in the Classical World and the Enlightenment
Activity 2 - Thomas Jefferson's Architectural Vision and the Influence of Palladio
Activity 3 - The Concept of Redesign: Comparing Monticello I with Monticello II
Activity 4 - Scavenger Hunt Through the Rooms of Monticello
Activity 5 - Thomas Jeffeson's Designs Beyond Monticello: Scope and Impact
* Jefferson Architecture Worksheets and Assessments