Topic: Ideas & Ideologies

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14th Amendment

This amendment to the Constitution, passed in 1866 and ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to those born in the United States, guaranteeing the rights of citizenship and equal...
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15th Amendment

The 15th Amendment to the Constitution was passed by Congress in 1869 and ratified by the states in 1870. It guaranteed that the right to vote would be...
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19th Amendment

This document is the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which guarantees women the right to vote. The amendment was first introduced to Congress in 1878 and it...
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35th Annual Naturalization Keynote

In this July 4 naturalization ceremony speech at Monticello, General Colin Powell uses his family history and a close reading of the Preamble of the Declaration of Independence...
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38th Annual Naturalization Keynote

In this July 4 naturalization ceremony speech at Monticello, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright reflects on her memories of immigrating, and discusses how immigrants have contributed to and...
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44th Annual Naturalization Keynote

In this July 4 naturalization ceremony speech at Monticello, the architect IM Pei begins by admiring Jefferson’s skill in designing Monticello and his interest in exploring other cultures....
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45th Annual Naturalization Keynote

In this July 4 naturalization ceremony speech at Monticello, actor Sam Waterson gives what he calls a “graduation address,” encouraging the new citizens in the audience to help...
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46th Annual Naturalization Keynote

In this July 4 naturalization ceremony speech at Monticello, President George W. Bush briefly reviews some of Jefferson’s accomplishments, then argues that Jefferson believed the rights to life,...
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49th Annual Naturalization Keynote

In this naturalization ceremony speech at Monticello, Coca-Cola Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Muhtar Kent reflects on Jefferson’s drive to make things better and encourages the new...
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A Declaration by the Representatives of the United Colonies

This document, written by Thomas Jefferson almost exactly one year before the Declaration of Independence, explains the reasons why the Continental Congress established the Continental Army. The document...