Title: Roles of African-Americans and their lives on Mulberry Row
Grade level: Elementary 4th Grade
Name: Kisha Christian MT, B.S
School: Oak Grove Bellemeade Elemenatry School, RPS District
School Address: 2409 Webber Ave. City: Richmond State: VA
Duration: 60 min
Purpose of the lesson: To analyze primary resources, identify plantation duties and roles, and interpret a memoir of slave descendant.
Prior knowledge: Students will have prior understanding of slavery based on previous taught SOL VS. 3 e. Student will know that slaves were captured from Africa by the Portuguese sailors and brought to Jamestown against their will in 1619. The arrival of slaves made it possible to expand the tobacco economy. The institution of slavery lasted a long time because of slave owner’s dependency on slaves to work the tobacco field.
Virginia Standards of Learning- www.doe.virginia.org
Review: VS. 3e The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English settlement in America by identifying the importance of the arrival of Africans and English women to the Jamestown settlement;
Objectives/Rationale: This lesson is a pre-lesson prior to a class visit to Monticello. Students will learn what a “plantation” is and why African-Americans were brought “against their will” to work on the plantation. When students visit Monticello they will visually see what a plantation looks like and learn about the various roles that the African men, women, and children had while living on Mulberry Row.
One of the lesson challenges I will expect to encounter is that students will not understand the dynamics of slavery and the daily life of a slave. Most students only recognize slavery being in the field or in the home. It is my intent that after this lesson, students will have a clearer understanding of slavery and the various roles of workers on the plantation.
Warm up/Snapshot: (5 mins)
KWL Chart– Students will work in groups of 4 or 5 to discuss and list what they already “know” about slavery. Then they will share “what they want to know” more about slavery as it connect to our Monticello visit. Throughout the lesson, students will add to the chart more information that they have learned or questions that they have.
Procedure: (45 mins)
Activity 1: Looking at Primary Sources
Students will be given several primary sources from Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book and interpret the following: (See resources in materials section to link Farm Book)
Activity 2: Mulberry Row and slave duties
Students will look at a list of various roles and pictures from Monticello. Most pictures will show what slaves did in relation to working on Mulberry Row and the plantation field. Students will first sort pictures under the correct industries. Once students sort, one person from the group will be given the answer key to see if their job is correct. Then students will complete the worksheet for this activity which will help them to analyze the pictures in details.
Industries along Mulberry Row:
Joinery– A person who works with wood creating tables and chairs. (See picture of chimney-location of the Joinery shop.) Attachment #1
Nailery– A person who makes nails. Mainly a male slave of the age 10. Attachment #2
Cook- Head person who fixes all meals within the kitchen. Mainly works inside the house at Monticello. Attachment #3
Gardner– A person who tends to the vegetables, plants, and plowing of the garden. Attachment #4
Nurse- A person who takes care of Thomas Jefferson’s grandchildren by tending to their every needs such as caring, feeding, and escorting them to various places. Attachment #5
Butler– A servant of the house, answered doors, ran household duties, instructed the maids of house what to do, and he was a waiter. Attachment #6
Blacksmith– Shoed horses, repaired metal plows, and tools. Attachment #7
A picture of Monticello- Thomas Jefferson’s home
Phrase– “in the ground” A person who did not master a skill of weaving and is forced to work in the fields.
Pictures of what slave quarters looked like at Mulberry Row.
Pictures of artifacts from Mulberry Row
Pictures of the slave burial ground in the parking lot of Monticello.
Group 3: Memoirs
Students will look at an excerpt from the memoirs of Issac Jefferson and his life as a slave on the Monticello plantation. Have students read and interpet Chapter 1, 5, 6, and 9. (see book links below)
To learn more about Issac Jefferson, see http://www.monticello.org/site/plantation-and-slavery/isaac-granger-jefferson.
To see a full photo of Issac Jefferson, see https://seaofliberty.org/explore/isaac-jefferson/114.
Independent Work: (5mins)
On index card, students will write one to two questions that they will take with them to ask about at Monticello.
Students will complete the “learn” section on the KWL chart.
Conclusion/Exit Ticket (5 mins)
Students will come back together as whole group and discuss what they learned about each station. Students will share what they would like to learn more about from the lesson. Students will make connections about the information they learned and what they previously knew about slavery.
Chart paper/ markers/ pencils/ index cards
Selected pages from Thomas Jefferson’s Farm House book:
Farm Book, 1774-1824, page 15, by Thomas Jefferson [electronic edition]: http://www.masshist.org/thomasjeffersonpapers/doc?id=farm_15&mode=lgImg
Farm Book, 1774-1824, page 19, by Thomas Jefferson [electronic edition]
Farm Book, page 21 by Thomas Jefferson
Farm Book, 1774-1824, page 158, by Thomas Jefferson [electronic edition]
Farm Book, 1774-1824, page 9, by Thomas Jefferson [electronic edition]
Select pages from Memoirs of a Monticello Slave:
Book: Memoirs of a Monticello Slave As Dictated to Charles Campbell in the 1840’s by Issac, one of Thomas Jefferson’s Slave.
Reading Plantation and slavery http://www.monticello.org/site/plantation-and-slavery
Primary Resource Definition: http://www.princeton.edu/~refdesk/primary2.html
Optional Table top materials: nails, quill pen, woman’s hat, sewing kit, small book
To Challenge the lesson:
Have them research more information about slavery and Mulberry Row on http://www.monticello.org/site/plantation-and-slavery. Students will write three things that they can share with group.
Students can also read online the full book of Memoirs of a Monticello Slave Full book: https://archive.org/details/memoirsofamontic031158mbp and share more information and present to the class.
To make lesson easier:
Students can examine pictures, discuss with a partner, and then illustrate a collage of what they have learned from the stations. Students can write in their own words what information was unique for them.
Students can also partner with another student to help read the Farm Book or the Memoirs of a Monticello Slave.