Topic: Gender

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Virginian Luxuries

This image shows the evils of slavery. On the left panel, a white man attempts to kiss a black woman, apparently against her will. On the right panel,...
Lesson Plan

Founding Daughter: Commemorating the Life & Leadership of Martha Jefferson Randolph

After researching the life of Martha Jefferson Randolph, students will formulate questions, interpret primary sources and construct evidence to support an argument. Students will be able to answer...
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19th Amendment

This document is the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which guarantees women the right to vote. The amendment was first introduced to Congress in 1878 and it...
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Declaration of Sentiments

This document is the Declaration of Sentiments issued by the participants in the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848. At this gathering in upstate New York, 342 women and...
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Female Pashtun after Voting

In 2005, a Pashtu woman displayed her inked finger to show she voted in Afghanistan’s election. Although no women and many men did not have the right to...
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Jefferson to Martha Jefferson

Jefferson wrote this letter to establish his daughter’s study schedule during her stay in Philadelphia. Eleven-year-old Patsy Jefferson learned French, music, drawing, and dancing from tutors. She practiced...
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Jefferson to Nathaniel Burwell

In this letter to a fellow Virginian, Jefferson conceded that educating females could be useful. Educated mothers could teach their daughters. If her husband had no money to...
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Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences

This 1792 painting by Samuel Jennings was the first by an American artist to address the issue of slavery. Broken chains lay at the feet of Liberty, represented...
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Martha Jefferson Randolph

In this portrait, a sixty-four-year old Martha Jefferson Randolph bore a striking resemblance to her famous father. Jefferson, who never supported public education for girls, sent Martha to...
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Mercy Otis Warren to Catharine Macauley

This letter is from Mercy Otis Warren, a poet and playwright whose works advocated resistance against English oppression, to Catharine Macaulay, a famous British historian. Warren discusses the...